Class Futures

    • Method Detail

      • immediateFuture

        public static <V> ListenableFuture<V> immediateFuture(V value)
        Creates a ListenableFuture which has its value set immediately upon construction. The getters just return the value. This Future can't be canceled or timed out and its isDone() method always returns true.
      • immediateCheckedFuture

        @GwtIncompatible(value="TODO")
        public static <V,X extends ExceptionCheckedFuture<V,X> immediateCheckedFuture(V value)
        Returns a CheckedFuture which has its value set immediately upon construction.

        The returned Future can't be cancelled, and its isDone() method always returns true. Calling get() or checkedGet() will immediately return the provided value.

      • immediateFailedFuture

        public static <V> ListenableFuture<V> immediateFailedFuture(Throwable throwable)
        Returns a ListenableFuture which has an exception set immediately upon construction.

        The returned Future can't be cancelled, and its isDone() method always returns true. Calling get() will immediately throw the provided Throwable wrapped in an ExecutionException.

      • immediateCancelledFuture

        @GwtIncompatible(value="TODO")
        public static <V> ListenableFuture<V> immediateCancelledFuture()
        Creates a ListenableFuture which is cancelled immediately upon construction, so that isCancelled() always returns true.
        Since:
        14.0
      • immediateFailedCheckedFuture

        @GwtIncompatible(value="TODO")
        public static <V,X extends ExceptionCheckedFuture<V,X> immediateFailedCheckedFuture(X exception)
        Returns a CheckedFuture which has an exception set immediately upon construction.

        The returned Future can't be cancelled, and its isDone() method always returns true. Calling get() will immediately throw the provided Exception wrapped in an ExecutionException, and calling checkedGet() will throw the provided exception itself.

      • withFallback

        @Deprecated
        public static <V> ListenableFuture<V> withFallback(ListenableFuture<? extends V> input,
                                                                       FutureFallback<? extends V> fallback)
        Deprecated.  Use catchingAsync(input, Throwable.class, fallbackImplementedAsAnAsyncFunction), usually replacing Throwable.class with the specific type you want to handle. This method will be removed in Guava release 20.0.
        Returns a Future whose result is taken from the given primary input or, if the primary input fails, from the Future provided by the fallback. FutureFallback.create(java.lang.Throwable) is not invoked until the primary input has failed, so if the primary input succeeds, it is never invoked. If, during the invocation of fallback, an exception is thrown, this exception is used as the result of the output Future.

        Below is an example of a fallback that returns a default value if an exception occurs:

            ListenableFuture<Integer> fetchCounterFuture = ...; // Falling back to a zero counter in case an exception happens when // processing the RPC to fetch counters. ListenableFuture<Integer> faultTolerantFuture = Futures.withFallback( fetchCounterFuture, new FutureFallback<Integer>() { public ListenableFuture<Integer> create(Throwable t) { // Returning "0" as the default for the counter when the // exception happens. return immediateFuture(0); } });

        The fallback can also choose to propagate the original exception when desired:

            ListenableFuture<Integer> fetchCounterFuture = ...; // Falling back to a zero counter only in case the exception was a // TimeoutException. ListenableFuture<Integer> faultTolerantFuture = Futures.withFallback( fetchCounterFuture, new FutureFallback<Integer>() { public ListenableFuture<Integer> create(Throwable t) { if (t instanceof TimeoutException) { return immediateFuture(0); } return immediateFailedFuture(t); } });

        This overload, which does not accept an executor, uses directExecutor, a dangerous choice in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during FutureFallback.create, not to any work done to complete the returned Future.

        Parameters:
        input - the primary input Future
        fallback - the FutureFallback implementation to be called if input fails
        Since:
        14.0
      • withFallback

        @Deprecated
        public static <V> ListenableFuture<V> withFallback(ListenableFuture<? extends V> input,
                                                                       FutureFallback<? extends V> fallback,
                                                                       Executor executor)
        Deprecated.  Use catchingAsync(input, Throwable.class, fallbackImplementedAsAnAsyncFunction, executor), usually replacing Throwable.class with the specific type you want to handle. This method will be removed in Guava release 20.0.
        Returns a Future whose result is taken from the given primary input or, if the primary input fails, from the Future provided by the fallback. FutureFallback.create(java.lang.Throwable) is not invoked until the primary input has failed, so if the primary input succeeds, it is never invoked. If, during the invocation of fallback, an exception is thrown, this exception is used as the result of the output Future.

        Below is an example of a fallback that returns a default value if an exception occurs:

            ListenableFuture<Integer> fetchCounterFuture = ...; // Falling back to a zero counter in case an exception happens when // processing the RPC to fetch counters. ListenableFuture<Integer> faultTolerantFuture = Futures.withFallback( fetchCounterFuture, new FutureFallback<Integer>() { public ListenableFuture<Integer> create(Throwable t) { // Returning "0" as the default for the counter when the // exception happens. return immediateFuture(0); } }, directExecutor());

        The fallback can also choose to propagate the original exception when desired:

            ListenableFuture<Integer> fetchCounterFuture = ...; // Falling back to a zero counter only in case the exception was a // TimeoutException. ListenableFuture<Integer> faultTolerantFuture = Futures.withFallback( fetchCounterFuture, new FutureFallback<Integer>() { public ListenableFuture<Integer> create(Throwable t) { if (t instanceof TimeoutException) { return immediateFuture(0); } return immediateFailedFuture(t); } }, directExecutor());

        When selecting an executor, note that directExecutor is dangerous in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during FutureFallback.create, not to any work done to complete the returned Future.

        Parameters:
        input - the primary input Future
        fallback - the FutureFallback implementation to be called if input fails
        executor - the executor that runs fallback if input fails
        Since:
        14.0
      • catching

        @GwtIncompatible(value="AVAILABLE but requires exceptionType to be Throwable.class")
        public static <V,X extends ThrowableListenableFuture<V> catching(ListenableFuture<? extends V> input,
                                                                                                                                                                Class<X> exceptionType,
                                                                                                                                                                Function<? super X,? extends V> fallback)
        Returns a Future whose result is taken from the given primary input or, if the primary input fails with the given exceptionType, from the result provided by the fallback. Function.apply(F) is not invoked until the primary input has failed, so if the primary input succeeds, it is never invoked. If, during the invocation of fallback, an exception is thrown, this exception is used as the result of the output Future.

        Usage example:

            ListenableFuture<Integer> fetchCounterFuture = ...; // Falling back to a zero counter in case an exception happens when // processing the RPC to fetch counters. ListenableFuture<Integer> faultTolerantFuture = Futures.catching( fetchCounterFuture, FetchException.class, new Function<FetchException, Integer>() { public Integer apply(FetchException e) { return 0; } });

        This overload, which does not accept an executor, uses directExecutor, a dangerous choice in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during Function.apply.

        Parameters:
        input - the primary input Future
        exceptionType - the exception type that triggers use of fallback. To avoid hiding bugs and other unrecoverable errors, callers should prefer more specific types, avoiding Throwable.class in particular.
        fallback - the Function implementation to be called if input fails with the expected exception type
        Since:
        19.0
      • catching

        @GwtIncompatible(value="AVAILABLE but requires exceptionType to be Throwable.class")
        public static <V,X extends ThrowableListenableFuture<V> catching(ListenableFuture<? extends V> input,
                                                                                                                                                                Class<X> exceptionType,
                                                                                                                                                                Function<? super X,? extends V> fallback,
                                                                                                                                                                Executor executor)
        Returns a Future whose result is taken from the given primary input or, if the primary input fails with the given exceptionType, from the result provided by the fallback. Function.apply(F) is not invoked until the primary input has failed, so if the primary input succeeds, it is never invoked. If, during the invocation of fallback, an exception is thrown, this exception is used as the result of the output Future.

        Usage example:

            ListenableFuture<Integer> fetchCounterFuture = ...; // Falling back to a zero counter in case an exception happens when // processing the RPC to fetch counters. ListenableFuture<Integer> faultTolerantFuture = Futures.catching( fetchCounterFuture, FetchException.class, new Function<FetchException, Integer>() { public Integer apply(FetchException e) { return 0; } }, directExecutor());

        When selecting an executor, note that directExecutor is dangerous in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during Function.apply.

        Parameters:
        input - the primary input Future
        exceptionType - the exception type that triggers use of fallback. To avoid hiding bugs and other unrecoverable errors, callers should prefer more specific types, avoiding Throwable.class in particular.
        fallback - the Function implementation to be called if input fails with the expected exception type
        executor - the executor that runs fallback if input fails
        Since:
        19.0
      • catchingAsync

        @GwtIncompatible(value="AVAILABLE but requires exceptionType to be Throwable.class")
        public static <V,X extends ThrowableListenableFuture<V> catchingAsync(ListenableFuture<? extends V> input,
                                                                                                                                                                     Class<X> exceptionType,
                                                                                                                                                                     AsyncFunction<? super X,? extends V> fallback)
        Returns a Future whose result is taken from the given primary input or, if the primary input fails with the given exceptionType, from the result provided by the fallback. AsyncFunction.apply(I) is not invoked until the primary input has failed, so if the primary input succeeds, it is never invoked. If, during the invocation of fallback, an exception is thrown, this exception is used as the result of the output Future.

        Usage examples:

            ListenableFuture<Integer> fetchCounterFuture = ...; // Falling back to a zero counter in case an exception happens when // processing the RPC to fetch counters. ListenableFuture<Integer> faultTolerantFuture = Futures.catchingAsync( fetchCounterFuture, FetchException.class, new AsyncFunction<FetchException, Integer>() { public ListenableFuture<Integer> apply(FetchException e) { return immediateFuture(0); } });

        The fallback can also choose to propagate the original exception when desired:

            ListenableFuture<Integer> fetchCounterFuture = ...; // Falling back to a zero counter only in case the exception was a // TimeoutException. ListenableFuture<Integer> faultTolerantFuture = Futures.catchingAsync( fetchCounterFuture, FetchException.class, new AsyncFunction<FetchException, Integer>() { public ListenableFuture<Integer> apply(FetchException e) throws FetchException { if (omitDataOnFetchFailure) { return immediateFuture(0); } throw e; } });

        This overload, which does not accept an executor, uses directExecutor, a dangerous choice in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during AsyncFunction.apply, not to any work done to complete the returned Future.

        Parameters:
        input - the primary input Future
        exceptionType - the exception type that triggers use of fallback. To avoid hiding bugs and other unrecoverable errors, callers should prefer more specific types, avoiding Throwable.class in particular.
        fallback - the AsyncFunction implementation to be called if input fails with the expected exception type
        Since:
        19.0 (similar functionality in 14.0 as withFallback)
      • catchingAsync

        @GwtIncompatible(value="AVAILABLE but requires exceptionType to be Throwable.class")
        public static <V,X extends ThrowableListenableFuture<V> catchingAsync(ListenableFuture<? extends V> input,
                                                                                                                                                                     Class<X> exceptionType,
                                                                                                                                                                     AsyncFunction<? super X,? extends V> fallback,
                                                                                                                                                                     Executor executor)
        Returns a Future whose result is taken from the given primary input or, if the primary input fails with the given exceptionType, from the result provided by the fallback. AsyncFunction.apply(I) is not invoked until the primary input has failed, so if the primary input succeeds, it is never invoked. If, during the invocation of fallback, an exception is thrown, this exception is used as the result of the output Future.

        Usage examples:

            ListenableFuture<Integer> fetchCounterFuture = ...; // Falling back to a zero counter in case an exception happens when // processing the RPC to fetch counters. ListenableFuture<Integer> faultTolerantFuture = Futures.catchingAsync( fetchCounterFuture, FetchException.class, new AsyncFunction<FetchException, Integer>() { public ListenableFuture<Integer> apply(FetchException e) { return immediateFuture(0); } }, directExecutor());

        The fallback can also choose to propagate the original exception when desired:

            ListenableFuture<Integer> fetchCounterFuture = ...; // Falling back to a zero counter only in case the exception was a // TimeoutException. ListenableFuture<Integer> faultTolerantFuture = Futures.catchingAsync( fetchCounterFuture, FetchException.class, new AsyncFunction<FetchException, Integer>() { public ListenableFuture<Integer> apply(FetchException e) throws FetchException { if (omitDataOnFetchFailure) { return immediateFuture(0); } throw e; } }, directExecutor());

        When selecting an executor, note that directExecutor is dangerous in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during AsyncFunction.apply, not to any work done to complete the returned Future.

        Parameters:
        input - the primary input Future
        exceptionType - the exception type that triggers use of fallback. To avoid hiding bugs and other unrecoverable errors, callers should prefer more specific types, avoiding Throwable.class in particular.
        fallback - the AsyncFunction implementation to be called if input fails with the expected exception type
        executor - the executor that runs fallback if input fails
        Since:
        19.0 (similar functionality in 14.0 as withFallback)
      • withTimeout

        @GwtIncompatible(value="java.util.concurrent.ScheduledExecutorService")
        public static <V> ListenableFuture<V> withTimeout(ListenableFuture<V> delegate,
                                                                                                                                  long time,
                                                                                                                                  TimeUnit unit,
                                                                                                                                  ScheduledExecutorService scheduledExecutor)
        Returns a future that delegates to another but will finish early (via a TimeoutException wrapped in an ExecutionException) if the specified duration expires.

        The delegate future is interrupted and cancelled if it times out.

        Parameters:
        delegate - The future to delegate to.
        time - when to timeout the future
        unit - the time unit of the time parameter
        scheduledExecutor - The executor service to enforce the timeout.
        Since:
        19.0
      • transform

        @Deprecated
        public static <I,O> ListenableFuture<O> transform(ListenableFuture<I> input,
                                                                      AsyncFunction<? super I,? extends O> function)
        Deprecated.  These AsyncFunction overloads of transform are being renamed to transformAsync. (The Function overloads are keeping the "transform" name.) This method will be removed in Guava release 20.0.
        Returns a new ListenableFuture whose result is asynchronously derived from the result of the given Future. More precisely, the returned Future takes its result from a Future produced by applying the given AsyncFunction to the result of the original Future. Example:
            ListenableFuture<RowKey> rowKeyFuture = indexService.lookUp(query); AsyncFunction<RowKey, QueryResult> queryFunction = new AsyncFunction<RowKey, QueryResult>() { public ListenableFuture<QueryResult> apply(RowKey rowKey) { return dataService.read(rowKey); } }; ListenableFuture<QueryResult> queryFuture = transform(rowKeyFuture, queryFunction);

        This overload, which does not accept an executor, uses directExecutor, a dangerous choice in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during AsyncFunction.apply, not to any work done to complete the returned Future.

        The returned Future attempts to keep its cancellation state in sync with that of the input future and that of the future returned by the function. That is, if the returned Future is cancelled, it will attempt to cancel the other two, and if either of the other two is cancelled, the returned Future will receive a callback in which it will attempt to cancel itself.

        Parameters:
        input - The future to transform
        function - A function to transform the result of the input future to the result of the output future
        Returns:
        A future that holds result of the function (if the input succeeded) or the original input's failure (if not)
        Since:
        11.0
      • transform

        @Deprecated
        public static <I,O> ListenableFuture<O> transform(ListenableFuture<I> input,
                                                                      AsyncFunction<? super I,? extends O> function,
                                                                      Executor executor)
        Deprecated.  These AsyncFunction overloads of transform are being renamed to transformAsync. (The Function overloads are keeping the "transform" name.) This method will be removed in Guava release 20.0.
        Returns a new ListenableFuture whose result is asynchronously derived from the result of the given Future. More precisely, the returned Future takes its result from a Future produced by applying the given AsyncFunction to the result of the original Future. Example:
            ListenableFuture<RowKey> rowKeyFuture = indexService.lookUp(query); AsyncFunction<RowKey, QueryResult> queryFunction = new AsyncFunction<RowKey, QueryResult>() { public ListenableFuture<QueryResult> apply(RowKey rowKey) { return dataService.read(rowKey); } }; ListenableFuture<QueryResult> queryFuture = transform(rowKeyFuture, queryFunction, executor);

        When selecting an executor, note that directExecutor is dangerous in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during AsyncFunction.apply, not to any work done to complete the returned Future.

        The returned Future attempts to keep its cancellation state in sync with that of the input future and that of the future returned by the chain function. That is, if the returned Future is cancelled, it will attempt to cancel the other two, and if either of the other two is cancelled, the returned Future will receive a callback in which it will attempt to cancel itself.

        Parameters:
        input - The future to transform
        function - A function to transform the result of the input future to the result of the output future
        executor - Executor to run the function in.
        Returns:
        A future that holds result of the function (if the input succeeded) or the original input's failure (if not)
        Since:
        11.0
      • transformAsync

        public static <I,O> ListenableFuture<O> transformAsync(ListenableFuture<I> input,
                                                               AsyncFunction<? super I,? extends O> function)
        Returns a new ListenableFuture whose result is asynchronously derived from the result of the given Future. More precisely, the returned Future takes its result from a Future produced by applying the given AsyncFunction to the result of the original Future. Example:
            ListenableFuture<RowKey> rowKeyFuture = indexService.lookUp(query); AsyncFunction<RowKey, QueryResult> queryFunction = new AsyncFunction<RowKey, QueryResult>() { public ListenableFuture<QueryResult> apply(RowKey rowKey) { return dataService.read(rowKey); } }; ListenableFuture<QueryResult> queryFuture = transformAsync(rowKeyFuture, queryFunction);

        This overload, which does not accept an executor, uses directExecutor, a dangerous choice in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during AsyncFunction.apply, not to any work done to complete the returned Future.

        The returned Future attempts to keep its cancellation state in sync with that of the input future and that of the future returned by the function. That is, if the returned Future is cancelled, it will attempt to cancel the other two, and if either of the other two is cancelled, the returned Future will receive a callback in which it will attempt to cancel itself.

        Parameters:
        input - The future to transform
        function - A function to transform the result of the input future to the result of the output future
        Returns:
        A future that holds result of the function (if the input succeeded) or the original input's failure (if not)
        Since:
        19.0 (in 11.0 as transform)
      • transformAsync

        public static <I,O> ListenableFuture<O> transformAsync(ListenableFuture<I> input,
                                                               AsyncFunction<? super I,? extends O> function,
                                                               Executor executor)
        Returns a new ListenableFuture whose result is asynchronously derived from the result of the given Future. More precisely, the returned Future takes its result from a Future produced by applying the given AsyncFunction to the result of the original Future. Example:
            ListenableFuture<RowKey> rowKeyFuture = indexService.lookUp(query); AsyncFunction<RowKey, QueryResult> queryFunction = new AsyncFunction<RowKey, QueryResult>() { public ListenableFuture<QueryResult> apply(RowKey rowKey) { return dataService.read(rowKey); } }; ListenableFuture<QueryResult> queryFuture = transformAsync(rowKeyFuture, queryFunction, executor);

        When selecting an executor, note that directExecutor is dangerous in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during AsyncFunction.apply, not to any work done to complete the returned Future.

        The returned Future attempts to keep its cancellation state in sync with that of the input future and that of the future returned by the chain function. That is, if the returned Future is cancelled, it will attempt to cancel the other two, and if either of the other two is cancelled, the returned Future will receive a callback in which it will attempt to cancel itself.

        Parameters:
        input - The future to transform
        function - A function to transform the result of the input future to the result of the output future
        executor - Executor to run the function in.
        Returns:
        A future that holds result of the function (if the input succeeded) or the original input's failure (if not)
        Since:
        19.0 (in 11.0 as transform)
      • transform

        public static <I,O> ListenableFuture<O> transform(ListenableFuture<I> input,
                                                          Function<? super I,? extends O> function)
        Returns a new ListenableFuture whose result is the product of applying the given Function to the result of the given Future. Example:
            ListenableFuture<QueryResult> queryFuture = ...; Function<QueryResult, List<Row>> rowsFunction = new Function<QueryResult, List<Row>>() { public List<Row> apply(QueryResult queryResult) { return queryResult.getRows(); } }; ListenableFuture<List<Row>> rowsFuture = transform(queryFuture, rowsFunction);

        This overload, which does not accept an executor, uses directExecutor, a dangerous choice in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during Function.apply.

        The returned Future attempts to keep its cancellation state in sync with that of the input future. That is, if the returned Future is cancelled, it will attempt to cancel the input, and if the input is cancelled, the returned Future will receive a callback in which it will attempt to cancel itself.

        An example use of this method is to convert a serializable object returned from an RPC into a POJO.

        Parameters:
        input - The future to transform
        function - A Function to transform the results of the provided future to the results of the returned future. This will be run in the thread that notifies input it is complete.
        Returns:
        A future that holds result of the transformation.
        Since:
        9.0 (in 1.0 as compose)
      • transform

        public static <I,O> ListenableFuture<O> transform(ListenableFuture<I> input,
                                                          Function<? super I,? extends O> function,
                                                          Executor executor)
        Returns a new ListenableFuture whose result is the product of applying the given Function to the result of the given Future. Example:
            ListenableFuture<QueryResult> queryFuture = ...; Function<QueryResult, List<Row>> rowsFunction = new Function<QueryResult, List<Row>>() { public List<Row> apply(QueryResult queryResult) { return queryResult.getRows(); } }; ListenableFuture<List<Row>> rowsFuture = transform(queryFuture, rowsFunction, executor);

        When selecting an executor, note that directExecutor is dangerous in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation. The documentation's warnings about "lightweight listeners" refer here to the work done during Function.apply.

        The returned Future attempts to keep its cancellation state in sync with that of the input future. That is, if the returned Future is cancelled, it will attempt to cancel the input, and if the input is cancelled, the returned Future will receive a callback in which it will attempt to cancel itself.

        An example use of this method is to convert a serializable object returned from an RPC into a POJO.

        Parameters:
        input - The future to transform
        function - A Function to transform the results of the provided future to the results of the returned future.
        executor - Executor to run the function in.
        Returns:
        A future that holds result of the transformation.
        Since:
        9.0 (in 2.0 as compose)
      • lazyTransform

        @GwtIncompatible(value="TODO")
        public static <I,O> Future<O> lazyTransform(Future<I> input,
                                                                                   Function<? super I,? extends O> function)
        Like transform(ListenableFuture, Function) except that the transformation function is invoked on each call to get() on the returned future.

        The returned Future reflects the input's cancellation state directly, and any attempt to cancel the returned Future is likewise passed through to the input Future.

        Note that calls to timed get only apply the timeout to the execution of the underlying Future, not to the execution of the transformation function.

        The primary audience of this method is callers of transform who don't have a ListenableFuture available and do not mind repeated, lazy function evaluation.

        Parameters:
        input - The future to transform
        function - A Function to transform the results of the provided future to the results of the returned future.
        Returns:
        A future that returns the result of the transformation.
        Since:
        10.0
      • dereference

        public static <V> ListenableFuture<V> dereference(ListenableFuture<? extends ListenableFuture<? extends V>> nested)
        Returns a new ListenableFuture whose result is the product of calling get() on the Future nested within the given Future, effectively chaining the futures one after the other. Example:
            SettableFuture<ListenableFuture<String>> nested = SettableFuture.create(); ListenableFuture<String> dereferenced = dereference(nested);

        This call has the same cancellation and execution semantics as transform(ListenableFuture, AsyncFunction), in that the returned Future attempts to keep its cancellation state in sync with both the input Future and the nested Future. The transformation is very lightweight and therefore takes place in the same thread (either the thread that called dereference, or the thread in which the dereferenced future completes).

        Parameters:
        nested - The nested future to transform.
        Returns:
        A future that holds result of the inner future.
        Since:
        13.0
      • allAsList

        @Beta
         @SafeVarargs
        public static <V> ListenableFuture<List<V>> allAsList(ListenableFuture<? extends V>... futures)
        Creates a new ListenableFuture whose value is a list containing the values of all its input futures, if all succeed. If any input fails, the returned future fails immediately.

        The list of results is in the same order as the input list.

        Canceling this future will attempt to cancel all the component futures, and if any of the provided futures fails or is canceled, this one is, too.

        Parameters:
        futures - futures to combine
        Returns:
        a future that provides a list of the results of the component futures
        Since:
        10.0
      • allAsList

        @Beta
        public static <V> ListenableFuture<List<V>> allAsList(Iterable<? extends ListenableFuture<? extends V>> futures)
        Creates a new ListenableFuture whose value is a list containing the values of all its input futures, if all succeed. If any input fails, the returned future fails immediately.

        The list of results is in the same order as the input list.

        Canceling this future will attempt to cancel all the component futures, and if any of the provided futures fails or is canceled, this one is, too.

        Parameters:
        futures - futures to combine
        Returns:
        a future that provides a list of the results of the component futures
        Since:
        10.0
      • nonCancellationPropagating

        @GwtIncompatible(value="TODO")
        public static <V> ListenableFuture<V> nonCancellationPropagating(ListenableFuture<V> future)
        Creates a new ListenableFuture whose result is set from the supplied future when it completes. Cancelling the supplied future will also cancel the returned future, but cancelling the returned future will have no effect on the supplied future.
        Since:
        15.0
      • successfulAsList

        @Beta
         @SafeVarargs
        public static <V> ListenableFuture<List<V>> successfulAsList(ListenableFuture<? extends V>... futures)
        Creates a new ListenableFuture whose value is a list containing the values of all its successful input futures. The list of results is in the same order as the input list, and if any of the provided futures fails or is canceled, its corresponding position will contain null (which is indistinguishable from the future having a successful value of null).

        Canceling this future will attempt to cancel all the component futures.

        Parameters:
        futures - futures to combine
        Returns:
        a future that provides a list of the results of the component futures
        Since:
        10.0
      • successfulAsList

        @Beta
        public static <V> ListenableFuture<List<V>> successfulAsList(Iterable<? extends ListenableFuture<? extends V>> futures)
        Creates a new ListenableFuture whose value is a list containing the values of all its successful input futures. The list of results is in the same order as the input list, and if any of the provided futures fails or is canceled, its corresponding position will contain null (which is indistinguishable from the future having a successful value of null).

        Canceling this future will attempt to cancel all the component futures.

        Parameters:
        futures - futures to combine
        Returns:
        a future that provides a list of the results of the component futures
        Since:
        10.0
      • inCompletionOrder

        @Beta
         @GwtIncompatible(value="TODO")
        public static <T> ImmutableList<ListenableFuture<T>> inCompletionOrder(Iterable<? extends ListenableFuture<? extends T>> futures)
        Returns a list of delegate futures that correspond to the futures received in the order that they complete. Delegate futures return the same value or throw the same exception as the corresponding input future returns/throws.

        Cancelling a delegate future has no effect on any input future, since the delegate future does not correspond to a specific input future until the appropriate number of input futures have completed. At that point, it is too late to cancel the input future. The input future's result, which cannot be stored into the cancelled delegate future, is ignored.

        Since:
        17.0
      • addCallback

        public static <V> void addCallback(ListenableFuture<V> future,
                                           FutureCallback<? super V> callback)
        Registers separate success and failure callbacks to be run when the Future's computation is complete or, if the computation is already complete, immediately.

        There is no guaranteed ordering of execution of callbacks, but any callback added through this method is guaranteed to be called once the computation is complete. Example:

          ListenableFuture<QueryResult> future = ...; addCallback(future, new FutureCallback<QueryResult> { public void onSuccess(QueryResult result) { storeInCache(result); } public void onFailure(Throwable t) { reportError(t); } });

        This overload, which does not accept an executor, uses directExecutor, a dangerous choice in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation.

        For a more general interface to attach a completion listener to a Future, see addListener.

        Parameters:
        future - The future attach the callback to.
        callback - The callback to invoke when future is completed.
        Since:
        10.0
      • addCallback

        public static <V> void addCallback(ListenableFuture<V> future,
                                           FutureCallback<? super V> callback,
                                           Executor executor)
        Registers separate success and failure callbacks to be run when the Future's computation is complete or, if the computation is already complete, immediately.

        The callback is run in executor. There is no guaranteed ordering of execution of callbacks, but any callback added through this method is guaranteed to be called once the computation is complete. Example:

          ListenableFuture<QueryResult> future = ...; Executor e = ... addCallback(future, new FutureCallback<QueryResult> { public void onSuccess(QueryResult result) { storeInCache(result); } public void onFailure(Throwable t) { reportError(t); } }, e);

        When selecting an executor, note that directExecutor is dangerous in some cases. See the discussion in the ListenableFuture.addListener documentation.

        For a more general interface to attach a completion listener to a Future, see addListener.

        Parameters:
        future - The future attach the callback to.
        callback - The callback to invoke when future is completed.
        executor - The executor to run callback when the future completes.
        Since:
        10.0
      • get

        @Deprecated
         @GwtIncompatible(value="reflection")
        public static <V,X extends Exception> V get(Future<V> future,
                                                                                                      Class<X> exceptionClass)
                                                                                               throws X extends Exception
        Deprecated.  Use getChecked(Future, Class). This method will be removed in Guava release 20.0.
        Returns the result of Future.get(), converting most exceptions to a new instance of the given checked exception type. This reduces boilerplate for a common use of Future in which it is unnecessary to programmatically distinguish between exception types or to extract other information from the exception instance.

        Exceptions from Future.get are treated as follows:

        The overall principle is to continue to treat every checked exception as a checked exception, every unchecked exception as an unchecked exception, and every error as an error. In addition, the cause of any ExecutionException is wrapped in order to ensure that the new stack trace matches that of the current thread.

        Instances of exceptionClass are created by choosing an arbitrary public constructor that accepts zero or more arguments, all of type String or Throwable (preferring constructors with at least one String) and calling the constructor via reflection. If the exception did not already have a cause, one is set by calling Throwable.initCause(Throwable) on it. If no such constructor exists, an IllegalArgumentException is thrown.

        Throws:
        X - if get throws any checked exception except for an ExecutionException whose cause is not itself a checked exception
        UncheckedExecutionException - if get throws an ExecutionException with a RuntimeException as its cause
        ExecutionError - if get throws an ExecutionException with an Error as its cause
        CancellationException - if get throws a CancellationException
        IllegalArgumentException - if exceptionClass extends RuntimeException or does not have a suitable constructor
        X extends Exception
        Since:
        10.0
      • get

        @Deprecated
         @GwtIncompatible(value="reflection")
        public static <V,X extends Exception> V get(Future<V> future,
                                                                                                      long timeout,
                                                                                                      TimeUnit unit,
                                                                                                      Class<X> exceptionClass)
                                                                                               throws X extends Exception
        Deprecated.  Use getChecked(Future, Class, long, TimeUnit), noting the change in parameter order. This method will be removed in Guava release 20.0.
        Returns the result of Future.get(long, TimeUnit), converting most exceptions to a new instance of the given checked exception type. This reduces boilerplate for a common use of Future in which it is unnecessary to programmatically distinguish between exception types or to extract other information from the exception instance.

        Exceptions from Future.get are treated as follows:

        The overall principle is to continue to treat every checked exception as a checked exception, every unchecked exception as an unchecked exception, and every error as an error. In addition, the cause of any ExecutionException is wrapped in order to ensure that the new stack trace matches that of the current thread.

        Instances of exceptionClass are created by choosing an arbitrary public constructor that accepts zero or more arguments, all of type String or Throwable (preferring constructors with at least one String) and calling the constructor via reflection. If the exception did not already have a cause, one is set by calling Throwable.initCause(Throwable) on it. If no such constructor exists, an IllegalArgumentException is thrown.

        Throws:
        X - if get throws any checked exception except for an ExecutionException whose cause is not itself a checked exception
        UncheckedExecutionException - if get throws an ExecutionException with a RuntimeException as its cause
        ExecutionError - if get throws an ExecutionException with an Error as its cause
        CancellationException - if get throws a CancellationException
        IllegalArgumentException - if exceptionClass extends RuntimeException or does not have a suitable constructor
        X extends Exception
        Since:
        10.0
      • getChecked

        @GwtIncompatible(value="reflection")
        public static <V,X extends Exception> V getChecked(Future<V> future,
                                                                                                Class<X> exceptionClass)
                                                                                         throws X extends Exception
        Returns the result of Future.get(), converting most exceptions to a new instance of the given checked exception type. This reduces boilerplate for a common use of Future in which it is unnecessary to programmatically distinguish between exception types or to extract other information from the exception instance.

        Exceptions from Future.get are treated as follows:

        The overall principle is to continue to treat every checked exception as a checked exception, every unchecked exception as an unchecked exception, and every error as an error. In addition, the cause of any ExecutionException is wrapped in order to ensure that the new stack trace matches that of the current thread.

        Instances of exceptionClass are created by choosing an arbitrary public constructor that accepts zero or more arguments, all of type String or Throwable (preferring constructors with at least one String) and calling the constructor via reflection. If the exception did not already have a cause, one is set by calling Throwable.initCause(Throwable) on it. If no such constructor exists, an IllegalArgumentException is thrown.

        Throws:
        X - if get throws any checked exception except for an ExecutionException whose cause is not itself a checked exception
        UncheckedExecutionException - if get throws an ExecutionException with a RuntimeException as its cause
        ExecutionError - if get throws an ExecutionException with an Error as its cause
        CancellationException - if get throws a CancellationException
        IllegalArgumentException - if exceptionClass extends RuntimeException or does not have a suitable constructor
        X extends Exception
        Since:
        19.0 (in 10.0 as get)
      • getChecked

        @GwtIncompatible(value="reflection")
        public static <V,X extends Exception> V getChecked(Future<V> future,
                                                                                                Class<X> exceptionClass,
                                                                                                long timeout,
                                                                                                TimeUnit unit)
                                                                                         throws X extends Exception
        Returns the result of Future.get(long, TimeUnit), converting most exceptions to a new instance of the given checked exception type. This reduces boilerplate for a common use of Future in which it is unnecessary to programmatically distinguish between exception types or to extract other information from the exception instance.

        Exceptions from Future.get are treated as follows:

        The overall principle is to continue to treat every checked exception as a checked exception, every unchecked exception as an unchecked exception, and every error as an error. In addition, the cause of any ExecutionException is wrapped in order to ensure that the new stack trace matches that of the current thread.

        Instances of exceptionClass are created by choosing an arbitrary public constructor that accepts zero or more arguments, all of type String or Throwable (preferring constructors with at least one String) and calling the constructor via reflection. If the exception did not already have a cause, one is set by calling Throwable.initCause(Throwable) on it. If no such constructor exists, an IllegalArgumentException is thrown.

        Throws:
        X - if get throws any checked exception except for an ExecutionException whose cause is not itself a checked exception
        UncheckedExecutionException - if get throws an ExecutionException with a RuntimeException as its cause
        ExecutionError - if get throws an ExecutionException with an Error as its cause
        CancellationException - if get throws a CancellationException
        IllegalArgumentException - if exceptionClass extends RuntimeException or does not have a suitable constructor
        X extends Exception
        Since:
        19.0 (in 10.0 as get and with different parameter order)
      • getUnchecked

        @GwtIncompatible(value="TODO")
        public static <V> V getUnchecked(Future<V> future)
        Returns the result of calling Future.get() uninterruptibly on a task known not to throw a checked exception. This makes Future more suitable for lightweight, fast-running tasks that, barring bugs in the code, will not fail. This gives it exception-handling behavior similar to that of ForkJoinTask.join.

        Exceptions from Future.get are treated as follows:

        The overall principle is to eliminate all checked exceptions: to loop to avoid InterruptedException, to pass through CancellationException, and to wrap any exception from the underlying computation in an UncheckedExecutionException or ExecutionError.

        For an uninterruptible get that preserves other exceptions, see Uninterruptibles.getUninterruptibly(Future).

        Throws:
        UncheckedExecutionException - if get throws an ExecutionException with an Exception as its cause
        ExecutionError - if get throws an ExecutionException with an Error as its cause
        CancellationException - if get throws a CancellationException
        Since:
        10.0